Category Archives: Elders

An imperiled treasure of the Sierra Madre

The Huichol people live in Mexico’s Sierra Madre, in in the states of Jalisco, Durango, Nayarit.

They were rediscovered in popular culture north of the border in the 1960s because their religion centers on the use of peyote, a hallucinogenic cactus native to their mountains, and because of their colorful and utterly psychedelic artworks.

In this Wikimedia image of a Huichol mask, the symbol for peyote dominates the forehead, an apt representation of the central role played by the cactus in Huichol life:

BLOG Huichol mask

Huichol culture is in danger, in part because a generation of elders has died, often without leaving behind students who have mastered the rich and intricate oral traditions that bound the preliterate Huichols together.

Our first video offering, a short 1992 documentary by Ryan Noble, features Huichols from the villages of Las Guayabas and San Andreas, in which one remarks on the threatened loss of the ancient culture: “We want to live and remember so that it doesn’t end.”

Note also the system of agriculture employed by the Huichol, the traditional Mexican milpa, the only system of agriculture which has allowed for continuous cultivation for millennia without the use of either pesticides or fertilizers.

The Huichols: History – Culture – Art

Huichol art a sometimes take on a larger scale, as illustrated in this image from Mexico’s Museo de Arte Popular, a sight to stir twitches of envy in the souls of Berkeley’s own art car ornamenters.

BLOG Huichol art car

But the mountains that are home to the Huichols are coveted by multinational corporations, which have been logging the trees and devastating the landscape, forcing ever-larger numbers of Huichols to head to the lowlands simply to survive.

And the jobs awaiting them there are killing them, quite literally.

From Huicholes Contra Plaguicidas:

Huichols and Pesticides

Program notes:

Huichols & Pesticides, documents, through witnesses, reports and persuasive images, the indiscriminate use of pesticides in the tobacco fields, and the poisonings, and even deaths, resulting from the use of agrochemicals.

One notable effort to preserve the Huichols and their way of life is being undertaken by the Huichol Center for Cultural Survival and the Traditional Arts:

The Huichol Center: A model for cultural survival

Program notes:

This documentary was produced to support The Huichol Center. The Center helps the Huichol people of Mexico maintain their culture, art and spirituality. The Huichols have been almost untouched by modern civilization, and have been able to maintain their ancient ways despite crushing poverty and disease.

With their ancient heritage, their system of sustainable organic agriculture, and an artistic tradition that merges the sacred and the profane in unique ways, the Huichol surely deserve protection from the ravages of corporate imperialism and agricultural toxins.

To close, a final image, via Wikipedia, this time of a Huichol yarn painting:

BLOG Huichol yarn

Native Americans, genocide, and U.S. culture

The latest edition of Empire Files, Abby Martin’s new series for Telesur English, looks at the ongoing clash between Native American culture and the shifting patterns of intolerance and sometimes acceptance in mainstream culture.

Two national holidays epitomize the conflict. First, on 12 October comes Columbus Day, a celebration of colonialism carrying the implicit assumption that the Americas lacked any significant culture before the arrival of European imperialists.

The second holiday, is, of course, Thanksgiving, a symbolic recreation of a feast made possible for starving British colonialists by the intercession of Native Americans who had helped the hapless Puritans adapt to the land.

The troubled legacy continues to flare in the painful exploitation of Native American history by sports teams and the military, and in the ongoing contestation of Native American rights to control their own land and lives.

This episode features an extended conversation with historian and activist Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, Professor Emerita of Ethnic Studies at California State University and an internationally scholar.

From Telesur English:

The Empire Files: Native American Genocide with Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

Program notes:

Each November, Americans celebrate a mythical version of U.S. history. Thanksgiving Day’s portrayal of the experience of Native Americans under the boot of settler-colonialism is one of the Empire’s most cherished falsehoods.

To hear about the true story of native peoples’ plight – from genocide to reeducation – Abby Martin interviews Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, renowned indigenous scholar and activist, about her most recent book “An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States.”

Boomer paranoia, inculcated in the classroom

If you wonder why your Baby Boomer parents or grandparent might be just a bit on the anxious side, consider all the propaganda they put up with through their school years.

Let’s begin with this government-created paranoia-inducer shown in grade school classrooms across the country [we saw it in first grade], via Nuclear Vault:

Duck and Cover staring Bert the Turtle is a 1951 Civil Defense Film

Program notes:

Written by Raymond J. Mauer and directed by Anthony Rizzo of Archer Productions and made with the help of schoolchildren from New York City and Astoria, New York, it was shown in schools as the cornerstone of the government’s “duck and cover” public awareness campaign.

According to the United States Library of Congress (which declared the film “historically significant” and inducted it for preservation into the National Film Registry in 2004), it “was seen by millions of schoolchildren in the 1950s.”

Duck and Cover lyrics:

There was a turtle by the name of Bert
and Bert the turtle was very alert;
when danger threatened him he never got hurt
he knew just what to do…
He’d duck!
And cover!
And cover! (male) He did what we all must learn to do
(male) You (female) And you (male) And you (deeper male) And you!’
Duck, and cover!’

Duck and Cover (film) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Unexpected Return of ‘Duck and Cover’ – The Atlantic

Production History of Duck and Cover

We can remember crouching under our grade school desks during air raid drills, and at least one a month our Fridays were spine-chillingly interrupted by tests of air raid sirens, making an awareness of possibly imminent annihilation a constant subtext of daily life.

Adults received another form of nuclear war propaganda, devoted to preserving families during nuclear war. And for many, that would mean finding a place in one of the countless fallout shelters designated within public and some private buildings, usually basements stocked with enough preserved food and water to get survivors through the few very few post-apocalyptic weeks.

Here’s an offering from the Defense Department, directed for the Pentagon by James Hartzer. It’s probably unique among the many educational films of the age in having been submitted as an offering to the Cannes Film Festival .

More on the film from CONELRAD [a website named for the agency respobility for warning the public about nuclear attacks]:

The director worked on many other training films during his stint in the service and it wasn’t until his superiors were trying to get him to reenlist that he paused to think back to his first project. “Whatever happened to that film?” he asked of one of the people lobbying him to re-up. It was at this point that Hartzer discovered the surprising fate of Shelter 104. “Once these training films were completed,” Hartzer explained to CONELRAD, “they were sent down to Washington. Some colonel liked it and had it submitted at Cannes.”

Representatives of the Cannes Film Festival did not reply to CONELRAD’s request for additional details, but in the 1967-1968 edition of the Directors Guild of America Directory, the entry for James R. Hartzer states that the film was submitted to Cannes in 1964.

James R. Hartzer went on to work on numerous other film and video projects as a civilian, mainly in an executive capacity, but he still has a 16mm copy of Shelter 104 in his Connecticut home. He has not watched it since it was completed nearly a half century ago, but he told CONELRAD that it still occupies a special place in his heart.

And now for the film itself, via Tomorrow Always Comes:

Public Shelter Living: The Story of Public Shelter 104

Program notes:

Public Shelter Living begins with shelter manager Bob and his assistant, a chirpy blonde, counting people coming into a public Fallout Shelter to avoid the off-camera atomic attack. The thirty-minute black and white movie concerns the challenges of living in a shelter “for as long as we have to.” At one point Shelter Manager Bob tells everyone “That it won’t be any picnic in here. There’s going to be a certain amount of discomfort for all of us.” He then urges his captive audience to “sit down, remain calm and continue filling out those forms that were handed to you.”

Beatnik malcontent “Mr. McCann” is having none of it. The primary lesson of the film seems to be targeted at potential shelter managers: Don’t let stoned beatniks wander into your shelter after the big one drops. You might live to regret it! .

But who would be dropping those bombs [nuclear-tipped intercontinental missiles, capable or reaching their destinations in minutes, were a thing of the future, and nuclear weapons in 1952 needed long-range aircraft for delivery]?

As every Baby Boomer knew, the answer was Moscow, seat of what Ronald Reagan later called the Evil Empire, the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites.

The bad guys were [shudder] communists, and as such, were to be rooted out both at home and abroad.

But some of the anti-communist propaganda films are notoriously inaccurate, as in the following 1952 Coronet film. At about 3:30 into the film, the narrator asks, Ever hear of Nikolai Lenin? He was the first leader of Communist Russia.”

Uh, Nikolai Lenin? No, never heard of him. On the other hand, we’ve read several score books deal to a significant degree with Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, a man who fits that description.

Bear in mind that every kid in most American schools knew the Coronet logo, with one or another of the company’s 16 mm films projected onto glass-beaded screens unfurled from over their classroom blackboards.

As an aside, today’s techie was the Boomer’s audio-visual guy, the fellow [almost invariably in out experience] who threaded projectors, spliced films when they brokers, set speakers, microphones, and amplifiers, and otherwise delighted in the media of the day [we did all of the above from junior high school on, adding radio in high school; later we would be the first reporter at the Sacramento Bee with a computer].

Via MalvadoZandin:

Communism (1952) Coronet Instructional Film

While the Central Intelligence was actively promoting European socialism as an alternative to communism, no such tolerance was expressed in the films flowing from the National Education Program of Harding College in Searcy, Arkansas, then run by a minister of the ultra-fundamentalist wing of the Church of Christ.

We now turn to one of the NEP’s films.

From Cold War Educational Propaganda and Instructional Films, 1945-1965 [PDF], a master’s thesis by Claire Llewellyn Williams Hope of Virginia Commonwealth University:

The interpretation of an American system under attack was reiterated by the National Education Program’s 1955 release, The Responsibilities of American Citizenship. In contrast to What It Means to Be an American, the film presented itself in an objective fashion and provided perhaps the most sophisticated interpretation of Americanism yet presented. However, it was because of this style that The Responsibilities of American Citizenship was particularly dangerous. A complex assessment of American systems of politics and economics were juxtaposed with an exceedingly simplified interpretation of communism. Displayed side-by-side, the film thereby fostered an exceptionally skewed understanding of these systems among students and fostered a disturbing interpretation of the communist threat.

The film opened with the Star Spangled Banner and a close-up of Dr. George S. Benson. Benson, the President of Harding College from 1936 to 1965 began his career as a missionary serving in China. Removed from the country in 1936 by the Communist Party of China, Benson took opposition to communism and socialism as his life’s mission. As President, he established the National Education Program to pursue those ends. The Responsibilities of American Citizenship was one of the fruits of that endeavor. As Benson appeared on screen he informed viewers of the topic of the film, stating, “When our founding fathers established this republic they created a political and economic system unique among nations; a system which has lead the United States to the very pinnacle in wealth and in world leadership. This series of programs is being
presented to help all of us understand better our advantages under our American way of life.”

And with that by way of preface, via Ziptrivia:

Responsibilities of American Citizenship

And maybe it wasn’t just bombs Moscow might hurtle our way. It was drugs too, as is suggested at the end of another example of Baby Boomer scare-anoia

Sid Davis specialized is caring the bejeezus out of kids. Bankrolled initially by macho film star John Wayne [for whom he had worked as a stand-in for his films], Davis made an endless stream of alarmist films.

When he died in 2006 at the age of 90, the New York Times noted:

Mr. Davis lost count of all the films he made, but there seem to have been at least 150, perhaps as many as 200. His best-known titles, familiar to legions of baby boomers, include “The Terrible Truth” (about marijuana); “Name Unknown” (juvenile delinquency); “Why Take Chances?” (flying kites in rainstorms and other heedless acts); “Girls Beware” (sex) and “Seduction of the Innocent” (marijuana, barbiturates and general depravity).

The movies are squarely in the tradition of cautionary literature for children, whose best-known example is probably “Struwwelpeter,” the German tale of the dreadful fate of a dreadful child, which has been traumatizing young miscreants since the mid-19th-century. Mr. Davis’s films, most live-action, some animated, are 16-millimeter equivalents. They are small mirrors of postwar anxiety in an age when juvenile delinquency was perceived as a looming threat.

Here, via Jeff Quitney, is a 1951 offering [more on the film here]:

The Terrible Truth

Davis’s promotional copy:

All over the United States, committees of parents and educators are meeting to determine what can be done to combat the greatest menace ever to peril the welfare of American youth: Narcotic addiction. All agree that something besides stricter enforcement of the drug laws is needed. That ‘something’ is Education. Teen-age boys and girls must be educated to the shocking consequences of ‘playing around’ with narcotics!

It has been proved over and over again that there is no more effective medium of education than the motion picture. The first step in an educational program to fight drug addiction is an effective educational film.

The Terrible Truth documents the tragic story of one teen-age girl, typical of youthful addicts. Starting with an occasional marijuana cigarette, she is induced to experiment with a ‘fix’ of heroin. In a few days, she is [a] hopeless ‘hype,’ ends up with a criminal record and a blighted future. Local and national government studies are cited to show that almost 100 per cent of youthful addicts eventually turn to crime to get money to satisfy their ‘habit.’

It is the responsibility of every community, large or small, to protect its youth against this tragic, appalling menace. Whether a city or town has already experienced the disaster of teen-age drug usage, or whether it has so far escaped being touched, the problem is the same: To educate boys and girls against narcotic usage before it is too late, before more lives and futures are forfeit. No community is safe, so long as the ‘fad’ is allowed to exist anywhere.

And it all this was making you tense, especially that junkie daughter thing, the Pfizer pharmaceuticals had a solution: more drugs. Consider this 1957 version of the infomercial, via Val73TV4:

The Relaxed Wife

Program notes:

1950’s film showing life wasn’t always stress free. If you’re unable to relax using traditional methods there’s now a solution, the Charles Pfizer & Co introduce “Atarax,” a tranquilizer that can help us all to achieve the relaxed state we long for!

Atarax (also known as Hydroxyzine and Vistaril) is a first-generation antihistamine of the diphenylmethane and piperazine classes. It was first synthesized by Union Chimique Belge in 1956 and was marketed by Pfizer in the United States later the same year, and is still in widespread use today. Further information about this drug can be found at

Alzheimer’s disease linked to fungal infections

The stunning news comes from scientists at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and the Instituto de Salud Carlos III, also in Madrid, who found evidence of fungal infections present in the brain tissues of every Alzheimer’s patient they examined and none in the brains of health control subjects.

If their research can be replicated elsewhere, they have cracked one of the greatest of all medical mysteries and opened the Door for possible treatments for one of the most devastating amd heartbreaking afflictions to confront humanity

Their findings are reported in full in the preeminent scientific journal Nature and posted free online.

Here’s the abstract from the report:

The possibility that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has a microbial aetiology has been proposed by several researchers. Here, we provide evidence that tissue from the central nervous system (CNS) of AD patients contain fungal cells and hyphae. Fungal material can be detected both intra- and extracellularly using specific antibodies against several fungi. Different brain regions including external frontal cortex, cerebellar hemisphere, entorhinal cortex/hippocampus and choroid plexus contain fungal material, which is absent in brain tissue from control individuals. Analysis of brain sections from ten additional AD patients reveals that all are infected with fungi. Fungal infection is also observed in blood vessels, which may explain the vascular pathology frequently detected in AD patients. Sequencing of fungal DNA extracted from frozen CNS samples identifies several fungal species. Collectively, our findings provide compelling evidence for the existence of fungal infection in the CNS from AD patients, but not in control individuals.

Maps of the day 2: Call it Fifty Shades of Graying

From the World Health Organization’s new World Report on Ageing and Health [PDF]:


EbolaWatch: Hope, pleas, meds, culture clash

First, the latest numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

BLOG Ebola

We begin with the latest drug research, via, Kyodo News:

Trials of Japanese drug encouraging for Ebola treatment: France

The French National Institute of Health and Medical Research, known as Inserm, said Thursday that clinical trials of the Japanese anti-influenza drug Avigan Tablet have shown encouraging results for treating Ebola in Guinea.

After being informed of the outcome by the national medical institution, the French president’s office said in a statement the trials of the drug showed a fall in the number of deaths and accelerated recovery of patients, according to French public radio reports.

Avigan, developed by Toyoma Chemical Co., a subsidiary of Fujifilm Holdings Corp., could become the first effective medicine to treat Ebola, which has caused nearly 9,000 deaths mainly in West Africa.

From the United Nations News Center, end game caution:

‘Last mile in fight against Ebola will be the hardest,’ says senior UN relief official

The international community’s mobilization in the global Ebola response has been “very impressive and effective” but efforts to reach zero cases must continue unabated, a top United Nations humanitarian official has confirmed.

“There is most definitely a fantastic combined community, national and international effort that has turned this crisis around,” John Ging, Director of Operations for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), told reporters at a press briefing in New York earlier today.

“But there is no room for complacency,” Mr. Ging added. “The last mile is the hardest mile. We must stay the course.”

Confirming the need for ongoing vigilance, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported today a surge in new Ebola cases this past week, ending a series of declines the agency noted when it reported that the number of new cases in the three hardest-hit countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone recently fell below 100 for the first time in seven months.

“While remarkable progress has been made, we must not forget that it only takes one new case to start a new outbreak,” stressed Mr. Ging.

A similar perspective, via Voice of America:

Window for Containing Ebola Outbreak Seen Narrowing

The World Health Organization reports that good progress is being made toward containing the Ebola epidemic, but it warns that the outbreak is far from over and still poses a grave threat.

David Nabarro, special envoy of the U.N. secretary-general, is urging people not to become complacent. Though cases of Ebola are declining, he said, a great deal of hard work remains to get to zero cases and zero transmission.

To prove this point, Nabarro noted that WHO reported 124 new confirmed cases of Ebola this past week, an increase of 25 cases from the previous week.

“There will always be volatility,” he said. “Numbers will go up and down, but the more we are able to actively seek out cases and follow up their contacts, the better our results will be. … Now to finish the work off, it will be necessary to continue to bring in materials and people, so that we can undertake the kind of detective work that is necessary … to overcome the disease and also, at the same time, to get basic services back and working again.”

But this takes lots of money. Nabarro said the United Nations needs $1 billion to finish the job — now.

The Guardian covers needed relief:

IMF grants Ebola-hit countries $100m debt relief

  • International Monetary Fund urges other lenders to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to take similar action to ease financial burden

The three countries stricken by Ebola have been granted debt relief of about $100m (£65m) by the International Monetary Fund, which has been under pressure to relieve the financial burden on Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The IMF also urged other international lenders to the countries to take similar action as it established a catastrophe containment relief trust to provide grants to countries suffering epidemics and other natural disasters.

The trust will provide the money to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea so they can pay off debt to the IMF. The IMF also offered the west African states $160m of new interest-free loans.

From Reuters, complications:

Secret burials thwarting efforts to stamp out Ebola – U.N.

Efforts to stamp out West Africa’s Ebola epidemic are being thwarted by villagers touching and washing the infectious bodies of dead victims at secret burials and difficulty in tracing those exposed to the virus, U.N. officials said on Thursday.

The number of new cases rose for the first time this year in the past week, coinciding with a looming funding shortfall and the approach of the rainy season that will hamper aid efforts from April, they warned. [ID: nL6N0VE530]

“The commonest way in which people are getting Ebola is through the rituals that take place when somebody is buried, particularly the important cleansing and touching that goes on,” Dr. David Nabarro, U.N. Ebola special envoy, told a briefing.

On to Liberia, where case continue, via the News in Monrovia:

Margibi Confirms Ebola Death

Health authorities in Margibi County have recorded two confirmed Ebola deaths in the county.

The County Health Officer, Dr. Adolphus Yeah, told The NEWS that the first confirmed death was reported in the county after a man from the St. Paul’s bridge community in Montserrado County died days after he fled his community.

According to Dr. Yeah, the man, identified as John Forkpa, fled from his St. Paul bridge residence on January 27, 2015 and  reportedly died on Sunday, February 1, 2015 in Dogbahta, a village in Borlorlah Township, about 15 kilometers from the provincial city of Kakata. Dr. Yeah explained that specimen from the deceased confirmed that he had Ebola.

Meanwhile, the County Health team has launched a vigorous contact tracing for all those who interacted with the man prior to his demise.

The CHO also disclosed that the two villages, including Dogbahta and Papata have been quarantined as part of measures intended to prevent the spread of the disease.

After the jump, vaccine targets set, cautious political optimism, providing light and communication for survivors, on to Sierra Leone and an obstructionist tribal leader, and a Paramount Chief threatens survivors. . . Continue reading

MexicoWatch: Another arrest, parents, more art

We begin with a poster, via Regeneración, for an upcoming rally and protest on behalf of the missing students right here in Berkeley:

BLOG Ayotz 5

Next, from teleSUR English, the parents persevere:

Ayotzinapa families searching on their own for their missing children

Program notes:

In Mexico, parents and colleagues of the students of the Ayotzinapa Teacher Training College who were kidnapped and forcibly disappeared by the police in Iguala, State of Guerrero, on September 26 2014, have begun to search for them on their own.

The Associated Press covers the latest arrest:

Mexico detains new suspect in disappearance of 43 students

A purported drug cartel hit man has been arrested in connection with the disappearance and alleged killing of 43 college students in southern Mexico in September, authorities said Friday.

Felipe Rodriguez, alias “The Brush” or “The Stubborn One,” is a member of the Guerreros Unidos gang and believed to be the “material author” of the killings, the Federal Prosecutor’s Office said in a statement. It did not give further details.

Officials say the 43 students were rounded up by police Sept. 26 in the Guerrero state city of Iguala and handed over to Guerreros Unidos gang members, who allegedly killed them, burned the bodies at a trash dump and threw the remains into a river.

More from Fox News Latino:

Mexico nabs another suspect in missing students case

Felipe Rodriguez, described as a “material author of the homicide in the Ayotzinapa case,” is giving a statement to prosecutors, the AG’s office said.

The suspect was apprehended Thursday night in Jiutepec, a town in the central state of Morelos, sources with the Federal Police told Efe.

Reputed Guerreros Unidos members arrested in late October confessed to the killings and implicated Rodriguez in the crime, the AG’s office said.

From teleSUR, a parental demand:

Ayotzinapa Families Demand Investigation into Mexican Army

  • The attorney general has made it clear that, despite available evidence, the government will not open a case against the army, says the families’ attorney.

Families of the 43 missing students from Ayotzinapa have insisted that the Mexican army be investigated for the disappearance of their kin, however the federal government seems reluctant to open a new line of investigation, according to the families’ legal team.

For several days, families of the students and other supporters have been protesting in front of military barracks across the country demanding that the bases be searched. Thursday, the families increased pressure on the government, when they insisted to the attorney general in a formal meeting that a case be opened against the army.

The families’ attorney, Vidulfo Rosales, said there are more 10 ministerial statements accusing the military of collaborating with the United Warriors (Guerreros Unidos), the criminal organization that the students were reportedly handed over to.

More from the parents, via teleSUR English:

Families of missing Mexican students demand new lines of investigation

Program notes:

Fed up with their government’s lies, evasions, lack of results and the violence that they themselves are increasingly facing at the hands of authorities, families of the Ayotzinapa teaching college students are demanding new lines of investigation into the disappearance of their loved ones who went missing September 26 while in police custody. Clayton Conn has more for us on this story.

The Guardian covers the growing community autonomy movement:

Mexican firebrands call for self-rule: ‘It’s time for the people to take power’

  • Away from the spotlight of protests over the disappearance of 43 student teachers, Guerrero may prove a much more serious challenge to state authority

Over the past three months, dozens of town halls across Mexico’s southern state of Guerrero have been taken over by members of an amorphous movement calling for “popular government”. The protesters – some of whom have been armed – have also called for the army to close its bases and leave the region.

Guerrero is a state steeped in a history of rebellion: it was the setting for some of the first uprisings of the Mexican revolution, and home to the country’s most famous rural guerrilla army of the 1970s.

But the current wave of unrest was triggered by the disappearance last September of 43 student teachers in the city of Iguala, after they were attacked by municipal police in league with a local drug cartel.

“The narcos did with us what they wanted. People were intimidated, frightened and desperate,” says Huricel Cruz, a teacher and former student at the radical Ayotzinapa training college where the 43 missing students were enrolled. “Then the people took control and things calmed down.”

From the Latin American Herald Tribune, an everyday occurrence, sadly:

Human Remains Found in Clandestine Graves as Violence Continues in Mexico

Families of people missing in the municipality of Iguala in Guerrero found eight bodies in three clandestine graves, a community source reported, while violent protests over the disappearance of 43 students last September continues to rage.

The families accompanied by community policemen found three bodies Wednesday and five others Thursday in the graves discovered at the spot known as La Laguna, a spokesperson for the Union of People and Organizations (UPOEG) told Efe.

Since the 43 students went missing on Sept. 26 in Iguala, UPOEG, a community-based organization that started in January 2013 to perform police functions, assists residents in search of missing relatives.

So far, they have found about 40 human remains in Iguala, but apparently do not match with the students of Ayotzinapa who disappeared at the hands of Iguala police officers and members of the criminal cartel Guerreros Unidos.

And we conclude with some more graphics. First from Regeneración, the Mexican army, busily covering up:

BLOG AYtoz 4

Next, from Andalalucha, a dramatic mural in Tixtla, not far from Iguala where the students were abducted, depicting the corruption of police in Guerrero:

BLOG Ayotz 3

And from japhetweeks, President Enrique Peña Nieto practicing that old political discipline of “Hear no evil, see no evil, speak no evil”:

BLOG Ayotz 1