We have two charts from a new report from Eurostat on naturalizations.
First, a look at the origins of Europe’s newest citizens:
In 2014, around 890,000 persons acquired citizenship of a Member State of the European Union (EU), down from 981,000 in 2013. Since 2009, more than 5 million persons in total were granted a citizenship of an EU Member State. Of the total number of persons obtaining the citizenship of one of the EU Member States in 2014, 89% were non-EU citizens.
The largest group acquiring citizenship of an EU Member State in 2014 was citizens of Morocco (92,700 persons, of which 88% acquired citizenship of Spain, Italy or France), ahead of citizens of Albania (41,000), 96% acquired citizenship of Greece or Italy), Turkey (37,500, 60% acquired German citizenship), India (35,300, almost two-thirds acquired British citizenship), Ecuador (34,800, 94% acquired Spanish citizenship), Colombia (27,800, 90% acquired Spanish citizenship) and Pakistan (25,100, around half acquired British citizenship). Moroccans, Albanians, Turks, Indians, Ecuadorians, Colombians and Pakistanis represented together a third (33%) of the total number of persons who acquired EU citizenship in 2014. Romanians (24,300 persons) and Poles (16,100) were the two largest groups of EU citizens acquiring citizenship of another EU Member State. Overall, a rich diversity of recipients prevails in the EU.
And next, the rates at which countries take in new citizens compared to their existing citizen bases:
The naturalisation rate is the ratio of the number of persons who acquired the citizenship of a country during a year over the stock of foreign residents in the same country at the beginning of the year. In 2014, the highest naturalisation rates were registered in Sweden (6.3 citizenships granted per 100 resident foreigners), Hungary (6.2) and Portugal (5.3), followed by Spain and the Netherlands (both 4.4). At the opposite end of the scale, naturalisation rates below 1 citizenship per 100 resident foreigners were recorded in Slovakia (0.4), Latvia and Austria (both 0.7), Estonia and Lithuania (both 0.8).
At EU level, 2.6 citizenships were granted per 100 resident foreigners in 2014. Of the five EU Member States that granted the most citizenships in 2014, the naturalisation rate was above the EU average in Spain (4.4), around the EU average in Italy (2.6), France and the United Kingdom (both 2.5), and below the EU average in Germany (1.6).